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Sunday, March 22, 2015

KURUKSHETRA UNIVERSITY BTECH SYLLABUS ELECTRONICS COMMUNICATION 4TH SEMESTER



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B.TECH SEMESTER IVTH

COMPUTATIONAL TECHNIQUES

(MAT-204E)
L     T   P                                                                                 THEORY      :    100    Marks
3     1   -                                                                                  SESSIONAL :    50      Marks
                                                                                               TOTAL          :    150   Marks

                                                                                               TIME            :  3Hrs.                

UNIT-I

Finite Differences:-   Difference Operators, Newton Forward & Backward Interpolation formula, Gauss central difference formulae, Bessel & Stirling formulae, Lagrange’s & Newton Divided Difference, Interpolation formula for unequal intervals, Numerical Differentiation,                                     
Numerical Integration – Trapezoidal rule, Simpson’s 1/3rd Rule & 3/8th rule, Weddle’s Rule.

UNIT-II

Difference Equations: - Formation of Difference Equation, Solution of Linear Difference Equations.
Matrix Inversion:-   Gauss Elimination Method, Gauss Jordan Method, Crout’s Method, Doolittle Method, Choleski’s Method, Improvement in the accuracy of an inverse, The Escalator Method for Matrix Inversion, Inverse of a complex matrix.

UNIT-III

Numerical Solution of Algebraic & Transcendental equation: -   Bisection Method, Regula Falsi Method, Newton Raphson Method, Secant Method, Convergence of Secant Method, Rate of Convergence of Newton’s Method & Condition of Convergence of Newton Raphson’s Method.

Solution of Simultaneous Equations: -  Crout’s Triangularisation Method, Jacobi’s Iteration Method, Gauss Seidal Iteration Method, Relaxation Method, Newton’s Method for Non Linear System of equation & Iterative Methods.

UNIT-IV

Numerical Solution of Ordinary Differential Equation: -  Picard’s Method, Euler’s Method, Modified Euler Method, Euler’s improved Method, Runge-Kutte Method, Milne’s & Adams-Bashforth Predictor-Corrector Method.
Statistical Methods:-  Method of Least Square and Curve fitting.

Books Recommended: -
1. Numerical Methods for Scientific & Engineering Computation by M K. 
    Jain, R.K. Jain, S.R.K. Iyengar, New Age Publications.
2. Numerical Analysis By Goel & Mittal, Pragati Prakashan.
3. Higher Engg. Mathematics by B. S. Grewal.
4. Mathematical Analysis in Engg. By Cang C. Mai
5. Numerical Mathematical Analysis by James B. Scarborough.
NOTE:
The Examiners will set Eight Questions, taking two from each unit. The students are required to attempt five questions in all selecting at least one from each unit. All questions will carry equal marks.  




B.TECH IVTH SEMESTER
ELECTRONICS INSTRUMENTATION AND MEASUREMENTS                                                                               (ECE-202E)

L   T   P                                                                                                  THEORY     : 100  Marks               3    1    -                                                                                                    SESSIONAL           : 50
 TOTAL           : 150   
TIME               : 3Hrs.
UNIT-I:    
MEASUREMENT AND ERROR: Functional elements arid generalized configuration of a measuring Instrument, Characteristics of instruments, errors in measurements and their statistical analysis.
MEASUREMENT OF RESISTANCE: Wheat stone bridge, Carey-Foster Bridge, Kelvin double bridge, Measurement of Insulation resistance.
UNIT-II:
A-C BRIDGES: Maxwell Inductance bridge. Maxwell Inductance Capacitance Bridge, Anderson’s Bridge, Hay’s Bridge, De-Sauty’s Bridge, Schering’s bridge and Wein’s bridge.             
VOLTAGE INDICATING AND RECORDING DEVICES: Analog voltmeters and Potentiometers, Self balancing potentiometer and X-Y recorders, Galvanometers - Oscillographs, Cathode - Ray Oscilloscopes, Magnetic Tape Recorders.
UNIT-III:
ELECTRONIC INSTRUMENTS: Wave analyzer, Distortion meter: Q-meter. Measurement of Op-Amp parameters.                                                                    
DIGITAL INSTRUMENTS: Digital Indicating Instruments, Comparison with analog type, digital display methods, digital methods of time and frequency measurements, digital voltmeters.
UNIT-IV:
TRANSDUCERS: Classification of Transducers, Strain Gauge, Displacement Transducers - Capacitive Transducers, LVDT, Piezo-electric Transducers, Temperature Transducers - resistance thermometer, Thermocouples and Thermistors, Liquid level measurement Low pressure (vacuum) measurement.
DATA ACQUISITION SYSTEMS: A to D and D to A converters, Analog and Digital Data Acquisition Systems, Multiplexing, Spatial Encoders, Telemetry.

TEXT BOOK:
A Course in Electrical and Electronics Measurements and Instrumentation: A.K. Sawhney; Dhanpat Rai & Sons.
REFERENCE BOOKS:
  1. Electronics Instrumentation and Measurement Techniques: Cooper W.D & Helfrick A.D.; PHI
  2. Doeblin E.O., Measurement Systems: Application & Design, Mc Graw Hill.
NOTE:
Eight questions are to be set in all by the examiner taking two questions from each unit. Students will be required to attempt five questions in all.







B.TECH IVTH SEMESTER      
DIGITAL ELECTRONICS
(ECE-204E)

   L   T   P                                                        THEORY        :            100      Marks
    3   1   -                                                                    SESSIONAL   :            50        Marks
                                                                                   TOTAL           :            150      Marks
                                                                                   TIME              :                        3 HRS

UNIT 1 FUNDAMENTALS OF DIGITAL TECHNIQUES:
Digital signal, logic gates: AND. OR, NOT. NAND. NOR- EX-OR, EX-NOR, Boolean algebra. Review of Number systems. Binary codes: BCD, Excess-3. Gray codes.
COMBINATIONAL DESIGN USING GATES:
Design using gates. Karnaugh map and Quine Mcluskey methods of simplification.

UNIT 2 COMBINATIONAL DESIGN USING MST DEVICES

Multiplexers and Demultiplexers and their use as logic elements. Decoders. Adders / Subtracters. BCD arithmetic Circuits. Encoders. Decoders / Drivers for display devices.
SEQUENTIAL CIRCUITS:
Flip Flops: S-R- J-K. T. D, master-slave, edge triggered- shift registers, sequence generators. Counters. Asynchronous and Synchronous Ring counters and Johnson Counter, Design of Synchronous and Asynchronous sequential circuits.
UNIT 3 DIGITAL LOGIC FAMILIES:
Switching mode operation of p-n junction, bipolar and MOS-devices. Bipolar logic families: RTL, DTL, DCTL. HTL, TTL, ECL, MOS, and CMOS logic families. Tristate logic. Interfacing of CMOS and TTL families.
UNIT 4 A/D AND D/A CONVERTERS:
Sample and hold circuit, weighted resistor and R -2 R ladder D/A Converters, specifications for D/A converters. A/D converters: Quantization, parallel -comparator, successive approximation, counting type. Dual-slope ADC, specifications of ADCs.
PROGRAMMABLE LOGIC DEVICES:
ROM, PLA. PAL, Introduction to FPGA and CPLDs.
TEXT BOOK:
1. Modem Digital Electronics (Edition III): R. P. Jain; TMH
REFERENCE BOOKS:
1. Digital Integrated Electronics: Taub & Schilling: MGH
2. Digital Principles and Applications: Malvino & Leach: McGraw Hill.
3. Digital Design: Morris Mano: PHI,

NOTE: Eight questions are to be set in all by the examiner taking at least one question from each unit. Students will be required to attempt five questions in all.







EE-208-E                                           SIGNAL AND SYSTEMS.

L             T                                                                                                                             Theory: 100 Marks

3         1                                                                                              Sessional: 50 Marks
                                                                                                Total    : 150 Marks
                                                                                                Time: 3 Hrs.

SIGNAL

UNIT-I
Types of signals:- Deterministic and Stochastic, periodic and a periodic, impulse functional sequences, analog and discrete, singular functions. Signal representation in terms of singular functions, orthogonal functions and their use in signal representation. Fourier series, Fourier and La-place transforms. Convolution theorem, geometrical interpretation and application.

UNIT-II
Probability concepts, random variable, pdf, cdf, moments, distributions, correlation functions. Characterization of stochastic signals.
Discretisation of analog signals – sampling, sampling theorem and its proof. Effect of under sampling, recovery of analog signals from sampled signal. Characterization of Discrete signals – in terms of impulse sequences, Z-transforms. Properties, inversion and applications of La-place, Fourier and Z-transforms.

SYSTEM

UNIT-III
Classification linear and non-linear, time invariant and time varying, Lumped and distributed. Deterministic and Stochastic. Casual and non causal, Analog and Discrete/Digital memory and memory less, 1 port and N – port, SISO, SIMO, MISO, MIMO.
UNIT-IV
System modeling in terms of differential, equations, state variables, difference equations and transfer functions.
Linear time invariant system properties, elementary idea of response determination to deterministic and stochastic signals. Concept of impulse response.
REF. BOOKS :
1.      Fred J Taylor –“Principles of Signals and System”, MGH.
2.      Simon Haykins – “Signal & Systems”, Wiley Eastern
3.      A Papoulis – “Circuit and System” Modern Approach HRW

NOTE: Eight questions are to be set in total covering entire course selecting two questions each unit. Each question will be of equal marks Students will be required to attempt five questions in all, selecting at least one question from each unit. 




B.TECH IVTH SEMESTER
      FIELDS & WAVES
             (ECE-206E)

L  T  P
3   1   -


THEORY     :  100 Marks
SESSIONAL:  50 Marks
TOTAL        :  150 Marks
TIME        :  3 Hrs.


UNIT-1
ELECTRIC FIELD AND CURRENT
Coulomb's law. Electric field intensity, field due to a continuous volume charge distribution, field of a line charge, field of a sheet of charge, electric flux density, Gauss's law and applications, electric potential, the dipole, current density, continuity of current, metallic conductors, conductor properties and boundary conditions, the method of images, the nature of dielectric materials, boundary conditions for perfect dielectric materials, capacitance of two wire line, Poisson's and Lap lace’s equations, uniqueness theorem.

UNIT-II
MAGNETIC FIELD AND MAXWELLI EQUATION
Biot - Savart law. Ampere's law, magnetic vector potentials, force on a moving charge, differential current element, force and torque on a closed circuit, the boundary conditions, the magnetic circuit, potential energy and forces on magnetic materials.

Faraday's law, Maxwell's equations in point form and integral form Maxwell's equations for sinusoidal variations, retarded potentials.
UNIT-III
THE UNIFORM PLANE WAVE
Wave motion in free space and perfect dielectrics, plane waves in lossy dielectrics. Polarisation of plane waves the Poynting vector and power considerations, propagation in good conductors, skin effect, reflection of uniform plane waves, SWR.
UNIT-IV
TRANSMISSION LINES AND WAVEGUIDES
The Transmission line equations, graphical methods, Smith chart, time-domain and frequency-domain analysis. TE, TM, TEM waves, TE and TM modes in rectangular and circular waveguides, cut-off and guide wavelength, wave impedance and characteristic impedance, dominant modes, power flow in waveguides, excitation of waveguides, dielectric waveguides.
REFERENCES:
1   Jordan E C & Balmain K G, Electromagnetic Waves and Radiating Systems, PHI.
2   David K. Chang, Field and Waves Electromagnetics, Addison Wesley.
3        Hayt W H JR., Engineering Electromagnetics, Tata McGraw Hill, Fifth edition.


NOTE:
Eight questions are to be set in all by the examiner taking two questions from each unit. Students will be required to attempt five questions in all.










B.TECH IVTH SEMESTER
ELECTRONICS MEASUREMENTS LAB
(ECE-208E)

L    T    P                                                                                        Sessional  :  50     Marks
-     -    3                                                                                         Viva          :  50     Marks
                                                                                                      Total        :  100   Marks
                                                                                                      Time          :  3hrs.

LIST OF EXPERIMENTS:

  1. To measure the unknown Inductance in terms of capacitance and resistance by using Maxwell’s Inductance bridge.
  2. To measure unknown Inductance using Hay’s bridge.
  3. To measure unknown capacitance of small capacitors by using Schering’s bridge.
  4. To measure 3-phase power with 2-Wattmeter method for balanced and unbalanced bridge.
  5. To measure unknown capacitance using De-Sauty’s bridge.
  6. To measure unknown frequency using Wein’s frequency bridge.
  7. To measure unknown low resistance by Kelvin’s Double bridge.
  8. To test the soil resistance using Meggar (Ohm meter).
  9. To calibrate Energy meter using standard Energy meter.
  10. To plot the B-H curve of different magnetic materials.
  11. To calibrate the Voltmeter using Crompton Potentiometer.
  12. To convert the Voltmeter into Ammeter using Potentiometer.
  13. Insulation testing of cables using Digital Insulation Tester.

NOTE:
Eight questions are to be set in all by the examiner taking two questions from each unit. Students will be required to attempt five questions in all.











B.TECH IVTH SEMESTER
DIGITAL ELECTRONICS LAB
(ECE-210E)

L    T    P                                                                                     Sessional      :  50     Marks
-     -    3                                                                                      Viva            :  25     Marks
                                                                                                   Total            :  75     Marks
                                                                                                   Time            :  3hrs.


LIST OF EXPERIMENTS:

1.   Familiarization with Digital Trainer Kit and associated equipment.
2.   Study of TTL gates AND, OR, NOT, NAND, NOR, EX-OR, EX-NOR.
3.   Design and realize a given function using K-Maps and verify its performance.
4.   To verify the operation of Multiplexer and Demultiplexer.
5.   To verify the operation of Comparator.
6.   To verify the truth table of S-R, J-K, T, D Flip-flops.
7.   To verify the operation of Bi-directional shift register.
8.   To design and verify the operation of 3-bit asynchronous counter.
9To design and verify the operation of synchronous Up/down counter using J-K flip-  
     flops & drive a seven-segment display using the same   
10. To design and verify the operation of asynchronous Decade counter.
11. Study of TTL logic family characteristics.
12. Study of Encoder and Decoder.
13. Study of BCD to 7 segment Decoder.

NOTE:
Eight questions are to be set in all by the examiner taking two questions from each unit. Students will be required to attempt five questions in all.















B.TECH IVTH SEMESTER
COMPUTATIONAL TECHNIQUES LAB
(MAT-206E)

L    T    P                                                                                         Sessional :   50    Marks
-     -     3                                                                                         Viva         :  25     Marks
                                                                                                       Total         :  75    Marks
        Time         :  3hrs.

List of Experiments


  • The Source codes for the following problems are to develop by the students & results should be verified.

  1. Solution of Non-Linear Equation in single variable using the method of successive Bisection.
  2. Solution to non-linear equation in single variable using the Newton-Raphons method.
  3. Solution to non linear equation in single variable using the Secant method.
  4. Solution to a system of simultaneous algebraic equations using the Gaussian elimination procedure.
  5. Solution to a system of simultaneous algebraic equations using the Gauss-Seidel iterative method.
  6. Numerical solution to an ordinary differential equation using the Eulers method.
  7. Numerical solution to an ordinary differential equation using the
     Range-Kutta Method.
  1. Numerical solution to an ordinary differential equation using the
Predictor Corrector Method.
  1. Numerical Solution to the Laplace equation using the method of finite
     differences.
  1. Solution to system of simultaneous equations using Gauss-Seidal
      iterative method employing the technique of successive relaxation.


NOTE:
At least eight experiments are to be performed from above list and the concerned institution as per the scope of the syllabus can set remaining two.












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