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Sunday, March 22, 2015



L  T   P                                                                       Theory                        : 100 marks

4   1                                                                             Sessional                     : 50 marks
                                                                                    Total                           : 150 marks
                                                                                    Duration of exam      : 3 Hrs.

Matrices & its Applications : Rank  of  a matrix, elementary  transformations,  elementary matrices,  inverse  using elementary transformations, normal  form  of  a matrix,  linear  dependence and in dependence of vactors,  consistency  of  linear system of equations, linear and orthogonal transformations,  eigen values  and  eigen vectors, properties of  eigen  values, Cayley - Hamilton theorem and its applications.

Ordinary Differential Equations & its Applications : Exact differential  equations. Equations reducible to exact differential equations. Applications  of  Differential  equations  of  first  order & first degree to simple  electric  circuits, Newton's law of cooling,  heat  flow and orthogonal trajectories.
Linear differential equations of second and higher order. Complete solution, complementary function and particular  integral, method of variation of  parameters  to find   particular  Integral,  Cauchy's  and   Legender's   linear equations,  simultaneous  linear  equations  with constant co-efficients.  Applications  of  linear differential  equations  to  simple pendulum,  oscillatory  electric circuits.
Laplace Transforms and its Applications : Laplace transforms  of elementary functions, properties  of  Laplace transforms,  existence  conditions,  transforms  of   derivaties, transforms  of  integrals, multiplication by tn,  division  by t. Evaluation   of integrals  by  Laplace   transforms. Laplace transform of Unit step function, unit impulse function and periodic function.    Inverse transforms,   convolution   theorem, application   to    linear differential  equations  and simultaneous linear differential equations  with constant coefficients.
Partial Differential Equations and Its Applications : Formation of partial differential equations, Lagrange’s linear partial differential equation, First order non-linear partial differential equation, Charpit’s method. Method of separation of variables and its applications to wave equation and one dimensional heat equation, two dimensional heat flow, steady state solutions only.
1.   Advanced Engg. Mathematics F Kreyszig
2.   Higher Engg. Mathematics B.S. Grewal
1.   Differential Equations – H.T.H. Piaggio.
2.   Elements of Partial Differential Equations – I.N. Sneddon.
3.   Advanced Engineering Mathematics – R.K. Jain, S.R.K.Iyengar.
4.   Advanced Engg. Mathematics – Michael D. Greenberg.
Note: The Examiners will set eight questions, taking two from each unit.  The students are required to attempt five questions in all selecting at least one from each unit.  All questions will carry equal marks.


L  T   P                                                                                   Theory: 100 marks

3   1                                                                                         Sessional: 50 marks
                                                                                                Total: 150 marks
                                                                                                Time: 3 Hrs.


CRYSTAL STRUCTURE: Space Lattice, unit cell and translation vectors, Miller indices, simple   crystal   structure, Bonding   in   solids, Experimental X-ray diffraction method, Laue method, powder Method, Point defects in solids, Elementary idea of quarks and gluons.
QUANTUM PHYSICS: Difficulties with Classical physics, Introduction to quantum mechanics-simple concepts, discovery of Planck's constant, Group velocity and   phase velocity, Schrodinger   wave equations - time dependant and   time independent Schrodinger equations, Elementary ideas of quantum statistics.
FREE ELECTION THEORY:  Elements   of classical free electron theory   and   its limitations, Drude’s Theory of Conduction, quantum theory of free electrons, Fermi level, Density of states, Fermi-Dirac distribution function, Thermionic emission, Richardson's equation.


BAND THEORY OF SOLIDS: Origin of energy bands, Kronig, Penney Model  (qualitative), E-K diagrams, Brillouin Zones, Concept of effective mass and holes, Classification of solids into metals, Semiconductors and insulators, Fermi energy and its variation with temperature.  Hall effect and its Applications.

PHOTOCONDUCTIVITY AND PHOTOVOLTAICS:  Photoconductivity in insulating crystals, variation with illumination, effect of traps, applications of photoconductivity, photovoltaic cells and their characteristics.
MAGNETIC PROPERTIES OF SOLIDS:  Atomic magnetic moments, orbital diamagnetism, Classical theory of paramagnetism, ferro magnetism - molecular fields and domains.
SUPER CONDUCTIVITY:  Introduction (experimental survey), Meissner effect, London equation.
  1. Introduction to Solid State Physics (VII Ed.) - Charles Kittel (John Wiley).
  2. Quantum Mechanics – Powell and Crasemann (Oxford & IBH)
  3. Fundamentals of Solid State Physics – B.S.Saxena, R.C.Gupta and P.N.Saxena (Pragati Prakashan).
1.   Sold State Physics – Pillai (New Age).
2.   A text book of Engg. Physics – Avadhanulu and Kshirsagar (S.Chand)
3.   Quantum Mechanics – Ghatak & Loknathan.

Note: The Examiners will set eight questions, taking two from each unit.  The students are required to attempt five questions in all selecting at least one from each unit.  All questions will carry equal marks.


L   T    P                                                                               Sessional Work:25 Marks
-     -     2                                                                               Examination:    25 Marks
                                                                                              Total:                50 Marks
                                                                                              Duration of Exam:  3 Hrs.
Note: Students  will  be  required  to  perform  at least10 experiments out of the list in a semester.



The   experiments in Second semester will be based upon electricity, Magnetism, Modern Physics and Solid State Physics, which are the parts of theory syllabus.

  1. To study He Ne laser
  2. Tofind the frequency of ultrasonic waves by piezo eletric methods
  3. To find the value of e/m for electrons by Helical method.
  4. To  find the ionisation potential of Argon/Mercury  using  a thyratron tube.
  5. To  study the variation of magnetic field with distance  and to find the radius of coil by Stewart and Gee's apparatus.
  6. To study the characteristics of (Cu-Fe, Cu-Constantan) thermo couple.
  7. To  find  the value of Planck's constant by  using  a  photo electric cell.
  8. To  find  the value of co-efficient  of  self-inductance  by using a Rayleigh bridge.
  9. To find the value of Hall Co-efficient of semi-conductor.
  10. To study the V-I characteristics of a p-n diode.
  11. To find the band gap of intrinsic semi-conductor using four probe method.
  12. To calculate the hysteresis loss by tracing a B-H curve.
  13. To verify richerdson thermionic equation
  14. To find the flashing and quenching potential of Argon and to find the cap. of unknown capacitor
  15. To find the temp coeff. of resistance by using Pt resistance therometer by post office box

1.   Advanced Practical Physics – B.L. Worshnop and H.T. Flint  (KPH)
2.   Practical Physics – S.L. Gupta & V. Kumar (Pragati Prakashan).
3.   Advanced Practical Physics Vol. I & II – Chauhan & Singh (Pragati Prakashan).



L   T   P                                                                                        Sessional: 25 Marks
3   1   -                                                                                           Exam.:     75 Marks
                                                                                                      Total:       100 Marks
                                                                                                      Time:        3 Hrs.


Semiconductors p-type, n-type, pn junction diodes, pn junction as a circuit element, its characteristics, half wave and full wave and bridge type rectifier circuits basic filter circuits, Doide as voltage multiplier, clipper & clamper circuit.  Zener diode as a voltage regulator. LED its characteristics construction & applications



Characteristics of transistors in different configuration.  Concept of d.c. and a.c. load line  and operating point selection.  Various amplifiers configurations their h-parameter equivalent circuits determination of voltage gain current gain input resistance and output resistance & power gain. Concept of feedback in amplifiers, different oscillators circuits (without analysis)



Differential amplifier and its transfer characteristics. IC Op-Amps, its ideal & practical specifications and measurement of parameters. Op-Amp in different modes as inverting amplifier non inverting amplifier scale changer, differentiator & integrator.


Characteristics of JFET, MOSFET, Various amplifier configurations using FET. Characteristics and Construction of SCR, TRIAC, UJT. Their basic areas applications.

Reference :

1.   Electronic Devices & Circuits - Boylstad & Nashelsky.
  1. Integrated Electronics By Millman & Halkias.
  2. Electronic Principles – Malvino
  3. Principles of Electronics – V.K. Mehta, Shalu Melta.
  4. Electronic Circuits – Donald L. Shilling & Charles Belowl

Note: The Examiners will set eight questions, taking two from each unit.  The students are required to attempt five questions in all selecting at least one from each unit.  All questions will carry equal marks.

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